Behcet’s syndrome is a disease more frequent in people from the Eastern Mediterranean and Asia. This condition classically involves a triad of symptoms including recurrent mouth ulcers, genital ulcers and inflammation within the eye, known as uveitis. This condition is believed to be caused due to genetic and environmental factors and mainly involves inflammation of different organs of the body including the arteries, veins, retina, brain, joints, skin, and intestines. Symptoms differ according to the distribution of inflammation and the pathophysiology of the disease occurring in affected individuals.
Behcet’s syndrome is a typical disease for which steroids are described in the modern system of medicines and usually do not provide a satisfactory long-term solution; in fact, after some time, the side-effects of steroids override the beneficial effects seen from these medicines. Such patients usually look for alternative treatments in order to effectively obtain a solution to this medical condition. Judicious use of Ayurvedic medicines can provide a highly satisfactory solution to the symptoms resulting from this disease; regular and long-term use of medicines can gradually control the disease and prevent a recurrence of symptoms.
While commencing treatment, it is of important to address environmental factors which may contribute to the symptoms of this disease, since this can significantly reduce the aggressiveness of the disease. If genetic factors are at play, the severity of the disease as well as recurrence of symptoms can prove to be frustrating for affected individuals. It is important to start Ayurvedic treatment on an aggressive basis in order to control symptoms at the earliest, so that the patient can develop confidence and faith in Ayurvedic therapy. This is important since long-term treatment is necessary in order to completely treat this disease and prevent recurrence of symptoms. Most affected individuals require treatment for periods ranging from 8 to12 months, depending upon the severity of the disease.
Anti-inflammatory treatment as well as immunomodulation forms the mainstay of Ayurvedic treatment in the management of Behcet’s syndrome. Regulation of diet is also an important part of the management of this disease, since in this condition, food can be responsible for regular recurrence of ulcers in the mouth as well as on different parts of the skin. Spices, especially green chillies, are usually responsible for a relapse in patients on good control with Ayurvedic medication. Stress is another factor which can contribute to regular recurrences of symptoms.
Individuals with chronic and severe form of Behcet’s syndrome may require treatment for longer periods, after which the dosage of medicines can be reduced gradually, so that the patient can be maintained on a minimum dose of medicines. The frequency of medication is gradually reduced from thrice daily to twice daily and then only once daily, after which the medicines can be stopped altogether and the patient is just observe on a long-term basis. Any recurrence of ulcers may be treated with booster treatments of one or two months, after which therapy can again be discontinued and given only as and when required. Most individuals with refractory symptoms also benefit significantly by donating blood once or twice in a year.
Ayurvedic treatment thus has a significant role to play in the management and treatment of the refractory symptoms of Behcet’s syndrome.