The Chinese martial arts known Jeet June Do (JKD) was developed by Bruce Lee in 1967 from his personal fighting style and philosophy that expresses a free style that is not bound with any forms or patters. Bruce Lee (1940-1973), a Chinese martial artist and actor, settled in the U.S. and teaches the JKD art as the way of the intercepting fist of using no way as way. Lee is a believer of Taoist philosophy that endorses the idea of unification and oneness or Yin-Yang philosophy and incorporate it with own style. His method is a combination of boxing, fencing, and Wing Chun in which its technique cannot be compared to any specific style. Students who learn jeet kune do apply the principle of the extra movements of traditional martial arts known as the classical mess. The movements provide a way to understand whatever methods are suitable for each student by engaging in direct attack or moving towards the attacker in real life situations.
Bruce Lee’s fighting method based on his principle which he called a style with no style, a modification of Wing Chun technique and considered as the precursor of mixed martial arts. Techniques in jeet kune do (JKD) incorporate various styles in freestyle fighting which can be applied in real life and street fights. According to Lee, a fighter needs to be like water that can adapt the shape of its surrounding and can be used to destroy and create something. The essence of the water is essential to fights and its economy of motion eliminates the waste of time. Practitioners believe that JKD goes beyond techniques because techniques are just tools and JKD is about using the tools effectively in any occasion. Its concept is by stopping hits and kicks through intercepting an attack with another attack instead of a normal block. The offensive attack is what makes JKD differs from other disciplines.
Martial arts practitioner and enthusiasts who admire Bruce Lee’s jeet kune do (JKD), admire the straightforward system with minimal movement, maximum effect and high speed. Jeet kune do training requires practicing smooth flow of using tools like kicking, punching, trapping and grappling as the way of expressing the art of the human body. Many JKD instructors develop their own style on using these tools and become a deadly weapon. Many Bruce Lee schools emphasize training in footwork, striking, target emphasis, principles and concepts. Footwork trainings include step and side push shuffle, and pendulum step. Striking includes straight lead, finger jab, and hammer fist. Target emphases on attacking are usually the eyes, groin, and throat. JKD offers five ways to intercept such as the single angle, hand immobilization, progressive indirect, combination, and drawing attacks. While these trainings are tedious and demands serious physical conditioning, they equip the fighter to be prepared in direct combat.
Jeet D Kun